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Primary Education

Free Primary Education

Lesotho has made substantial gains in education service delivery with the introduction of Free Primary Education (FPE) on a phased basis between 2000 and 2006. In 2010, the Government of Lesotho further improved Free Primary Education initiative by introducing Free and Compulsory Primary Education (FCPE) by law.In line with infrastructure development and provision, the government constructed fairly high number of lower basic education and secondary schools since 2000. Although the situation has been improved, the education sector is still running without the required or adequate number of facilities (schools), especially in the mountainous districts that also face difficulties to attract and retain teachers. 


Improvement on some core indicators was also realized though there is still a need to improve on some. The net enrolment ratio in Lower Basic Education increased from 82 percent to 95 percent between 2000 and 2010  and the gross enrolment ratio in grade 1 was 98percent in 2014. For the proportion of young population that does not at all enter Lower Basic Education, gender and more importantly, geographic location matters in Lesotho. The results from the 2010 continuous multiple survey shows that 2 percent of girls and 5 percent of boys never enrolled in school in Lesotho. Apart from that, huge disparities across districts also exist, with mountainous districts showing poor performance compared to lowland districts in line with pupils enrolled for Lower Basic Education.

Ms. Thuto Nt'sekhe Mokhehle Head of Department

(+266) 22324369

Our Hardworking Staff

Ms. Thuto Ntsekhe Mokhehle

CEO Primary

Admin Section


Curriculum and Assessment


The curriculum and assessment sub sector is made up of several departments and units of the ministry. These are the National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC), Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre (LDTC), Examinations Council of Lesotho (ECOL), School Supply Unit (SSU) and the Non-Formal Educa ...

Early Childhood and Care Unit

The Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) is viewed as a time of immense growth and development, when the brain develops most rapidly; a period when walking, talking, self-esteem, vision of the world and moral foundations are created within a child. Care, as an element of Integrated Ear ...

Learner Welfare and Care Unit


Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre (LDTC)

Non Formal Education (NFE)

NFE is defined in Lesotho as ‘‘activities that are designed to provide the Basotho youth and adults with development information, knowledge and skills required for them to function effectively, efficiently and productively in the various sectors ...

Lesotho National Commission for UNESCO

UNESCO unit under Director General

Planning Unit


Secondary Education

In Lesotho, Secondary Education is a five-year school system; with the first three (Upper Basic Education or Junior Secondary) years of schooling leading to the attainment of Junior Certificate (JC) and the last two (Senior Secondary) years of schooling leading to the attainment of Lesotho Ge ...

Special Education Needs Unit

Special Education Needs Unit

Statistics Unit

Statistics and EMIS Unit

Teaching Service Department (TSD)

Teaching Service Department under CEO TSD

Tertiary Education

Lesotho’s tertiary education institutions offer varying levels of training. Tertiary Education is instrumental in fostering growth, reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. It benefits not just the individual, but the entire educational system

Tertiary education refers t ...

The National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC)

A nationally and internationally recognised institution that develops quality curriculum and instructional materials for pre-primary, primary and secondary education levels in Lesotho; offer consultancy services in designing and developing educational programmes and instructional materials an ...


TVET Department under Director TVET