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Curriculum and Assessment

The curriculum and assessment sub sector is made up of several departments and units of the ministry. These are the National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC), Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre (LDTC), Examinations Council of Lesotho (ECOL), School Supply Unit (SSU) and the Non-Formal Education (NFE) unit.


MoET published the Curriculum and Assessment Policy (CAP) in 2009. This policy gives principles and guidelines for the national curriculum reform and assessment system. It advocates for “the establishment of a very strong link between curriculum and assessment so that the feedback on the learning progress should be used to formulate strategies that will improve the teaching and learning processes.” This policy utilises “curriculum aspects and learning areas which are juxtaposed to identify competencies to be promoted in different contexts”. In a more operational direction, it aims to tackle the low performance standards revealed by recurrent surveys and assessments and to address the remaining high levels of repetition and drop-out rates. The policy further envisages improved pedagogic approaches that will increase the quality of education delivery. 


Dr. Makhube Ralenkoane Head of Department

(+266) 22313348

Curriculum and Assessment Documents

Our Hardworking Staff

Dr. Makhube Ralenkoane

CEO Curriculum And Assessment

Mr. Tanki Makhoebe

Manager SSU

Admin Section


Early Childhood and Care Unit

The Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) is viewed as a time of immense growth and development, when the brain develops most rapidly; a period when walking, talking, self-esteem, vision of the world and moral foundations are created within a child. Care, as an element of Integrated Ear ...

Learner Welfare and Care Unit


Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre (LDTC)

Non Formal Education (NFE)

NFE is defined in Lesotho as ‘‘activities that are designed to provide the Basotho youth and adults with development information, knowledge and skills required for them to function effectively, efficiently and productively in the various sectors ...

Lesotho National Commission for UNESCO

UNESCO unit under Director General

Planning Unit


Primary Education

Free Primary Education

Lesotho has made substantial gains in education service delivery with the introduction of Free Primary Education (FPE) on a phased basis between 2000 and 2006. In 2010, the Government of Lesotho further improved Free Primary Education initiative by introducing F ...

Secondary Education

In Lesotho, Secondary Education is a five-year school system; with the first three (Upper Basic Education or Junior Secondary) years of schooling leading to the attainment of Junior Certificate (JC) and the last two (Senior Secondary) years of schooling leading to the attainment of Lesotho Ge ...

Special Education Needs Unit

Special Education Needs Unit

Statistics Unit

Statistics and EMIS Unit

Teaching Service Department (TSD)

Teaching Service Department under CEO TSD

Tertiary Education

Lesotho’s tertiary education institutions offer varying levels of training. Tertiary Education is instrumental in fostering growth, reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. It benefits not just the individual, but the entire educational system

Tertiary education refers t ...

The National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC)

A nationally and internationally recognised institution that develops quality curriculum and instructional materials for pre-primary, primary and secondary education levels in Lesotho; offer consultancy services in designing and developing educational programmes and instructional materials an ...


TVET Department under Director TVET