Education has been one of the major strategies for promoting socio-economic development in Lesotho since independence. As a result the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho has prioritised education as one of its major poverty eradication tools. To this end the goal of the Ministry of Education and Training has been to ensure accessibility, quality, equity and relevance in the education sector. As a response to the aforesaid goal, the Government has introduced Free Primary Education as a significant strategy towards the achievement of Basic Education for All by the year 2015. The initiatives towards the achievement of the latter includes: free accesses to primary education, provision of textbooks and stationery for primary education and book rental scheme for secondary education learners: bursary scheme for the orphans and the needy, primary school feeding scheme, integration of learners with special needs into the education system and equal opportunities for all learners irrespective of gender and ethnicity.
Alongside these egalitarian drives elements of quality, equity and relevance inherent in the concept of basic education have placed a vital need for development of curriculum systems and modes of assessment which ensure efficient and effective development of personal and social, practical, and vocational skills of learners.